Board: To live with a family and eat meals with them in exchange for work (such as teaching).
Bonnet: A woman's or child's hat tied under the chin, typically with a brim framing the face.
Cipher: This term means to do arithmetic problems, either orally or on slate boards.
Dunce Cap: A tall, pointed hat worn, as punishment, by students who misbehaved.
Horseless carriage: A term used in the early 1900s for a car.
Knickers: loose-fitting short pants gathered at the knees
"Learn by Rote": A term that means to memorize and recite
Livestock: Animals raised on a farm for food and work, such as horses and cows.
One-Room Schoolhouse: a school consisting of one classroom where a single teacher taught academic basics to several grade levels of elementary-age boys and girls.
Orthography: another term for spelling
Outhouse: An outdoor toilet that usually consists of a deep hole in the ground and a seat, which are inside of a small structure for privacy.
Penmanship: Another name for handwriting
Pinafore: a large white apron that covers a dress
Porridge: a soft food made from cornmeal or beans that is boiled in water until thick
Pot-Bellied Stove: A short, rounded stove that burns wood or coal.
Recite/Recitation: To read out loud.
Slate: A piece of painted wood that can be written on with chalk.
Thaumatrope:: A toy that was popular in the 19th century. A disk with a picture on each side is attached to two pieces of string. When the strings are twirled quickly between the fingers the two pictures appear to blend into one due to the persistence of vision.